Respect for human rights has been a core issue in the democratic transitions of Latin America, in contrast to all forms of authoritarianism, persecution, oppression, state violence and subjugation of human dignity. Currently, human rights are intimately linked to the idea of democracy. The appropriation of the human rights agenda by the democratic governments can be seen in the inclusion of this perspective in their public policies, as well as in the implementation of a cross-cutting approach to human rights in the different areas of government policy making.
Democracy and human rights are linked both in a complementary and contradictory way. Social coexistence in democracy is linked to guaranteeing fundamental rights of a collective dimension, which must be safeguarded by the State. That is to say, democracy legitimates human rights politically, given that its validity arises from deliberation and social consensus. To this end, transparent and participatory political processes must be promoted, and freedom of expression and association must be guaranteed in order to create conditions of equality and social justice.
Likewise, human rights condition democracy through international instruments, such as the Inter-American Human Rights System and national constitutions, which oblige States to guarantee and act towards social equality. In this sense, the struggle for human dignity is intimately linked to the struggle for democracy and justice. In this sense, the struggle for human dignity is intimately linked to the struggle for democracy and justice. In other words, human rights continue to represent challenges to the democracies consolidation processes in our countries.