On January 1998, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) stated that the right to development is: “multidimensional, integrated, dynamic and gradual”. This right entails the full observance of economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights. It also includes different concepts such as sustainable development, human development and indivisibility, interdependence and universality of human rights.
Development implies the monitoring of human rights by the international community, in which individuals have a preponderant role as the main force that builds that development. Likewise, this should not be conceived as the act of charity of a paternalistic State, but as the process that members of a country promote for the growth of all social spheres. Thus, the role of a government should be to grant public policies aimed at the development of capacities that generate mechanisms of belonging and social integration. Human development and human rights are consolidated by combining the efforts of all people to promote respect for themselves, for others and for their environment.
Although the American Convention establishes the right to progressive development (Article 26), like the Protocol of San Salvador, the Brundtland Commission Report (1987) defines sustainable development as that which “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. In this sense, for development to be sustainable, the social, environmental, cultural and economic dimension must be interconnected; that is, a futuristic vision regarding actions aimed at improving the quality of life.
“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”.